Phineas Gage and the effect on personality of an iron bar through the head | Science | guardian.co.uk
Phineas Gage and the effect on personality of an iron bar through the head | Science | guardian.co.uk.
Gage is said to have travelled New England making public appearances with his tamping iron, to which he had become curiously attached. Click to enlarge
The photograph above, which was uncovered earlier this year, is one of only two known images of an otherwise unremarkable man named Phineas Gage who attained near-legendary status in the history ofneuroscience and psychology one fateful day in 1848 at the age of 25.
Gage earned his place in the neurological hall of fame in a most unusual – and extremely unfortunate – way. A railroad construction foreman in the US, he was in charge of a crew of men who were working on the construction of the Rutland and Burlington Railroad near Cavendish, Vermont. On 18 September, he and his crew were excavating rocks to make way for the railroad. Gage was preparing for an explosion, using the tamping iron he holds in the photograph to compact explosive charge in a borehole. As he was doing so, the iron produced a spark that ignited the powder, and the resulting blast propelled the tamping iron straight through his head.
- Phineas Gage and the effect of an iron bar through the head on personality (guardian.co.uk)
- The Odd Case of Phineas Gage (bigthink.com)