Dark spots appear at places on the Sun where its magnetic field is concentrated. The number of sunspots is controlled by the amount of distortion of the Sun’s magnetic field. The magnetic field becomes distorted because the Sun’s equator and core rotate more quickly than its other parts. As a result, sunspot activity varies over an average 11-year cycle. Over approximately 11 years, the Sun goes from a solar minimum (fewer spots) to a solar maximum (more spots) and back to a minimum again.
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